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Chikankari Craft - With Love from Lucknow

Chikankari Craft - History According to the historical records of the 17th century of East India Company, Dhaka produced the fine embroidery called ‘Chikan’. After that, the Chikankari craft was brought to Lucknow in the 18th century. It is said that Noorjahan, wife of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir introduced it in Lucknow. Chikankari is claimed to be one of its kind due to its kind of hand embroidery. This artistic work of embroidery is done with untwisted yarn and also a little assistance of needle on a fine plain fabric. The material used is normally plain white, pink, maroon, shades of green and so the work of embroidery could be seen clearly on the material.Previously, Chikankari craft work was always done...

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Pashmina

Coming from Kashmir in India, Pashmina is a fine cashmere wool. The word ‘Pashmina’ is a Persian word which means ‘made from Pashm’ and ‘Pashm’ means wool in Persian. The wool comes from the special goat that is the Pashmina goat which is a special breed of goats accustomed to high altitude regions of Nepal and India. The Changpa tribe is known to be the traditional producer of Pashmina wool in Ladakh. The people of this tribe rear sheep in harsh and chilly winter to produce this wool. Every spring the cashmere wool is collected from the goats shedding their winter coats. The Pashmina has two different varieties such as Ladakh Pashmina and Pashmina from Nepal. The shawls from Nepal...

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Muga Silk

Assam’s Muga silk is known for its extreme durability and natural yellowish-golden tint. In the old times, it was reserved only for royalty. It is often compared to being as valuable as gold. Muga silk is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam. The semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm called Antheraea Assamensis are fed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants. The silk thus produced from them has a glossy texture and is quite durable. At least an acre of land is required by a silk farmer to cultivate about 400 grams of Muga silk. Roughly 2 months are required to weave a single Muga silk saree, but the actual weaving process takes about one week to 10 days to...

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Ikat Sarees

As per earlier sources of information, Ikat dates back to the 12th century when the artisans from the Patan region of modern-day Gujarat migrated to Orissa. The Ikat technique has its origins in different parts of the world such as South America, West Africa, etc. This technique is one of the most ancient techniques of dyeing fabrics. The term ‘Ikat’ is a derivation from the Malay word ‘mengikat’ which means to tie or to bind. Ikat is an elaborate dying process which is done with silk or cotton fabrics. Ultimately, the end result is a piece of cloth bathed and glittered in colorful patterns. Orissa Ikat is basically associated with saris. The making of Ikat patterns is a tad bit...

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Kota Doria

Kota Doria sarees get their name from Kota, a small city in Rajasthan where these sarees were generally manufactured. The term Doria means thread. These sarees are manufactured mainly by the Ansari community of the Kota state, mostly located on the outskirts of the state. 1500 weavers are located in this cluster which is about 15km from Kota city. The distinct features of this fabric include its intriguing square pattern. The fabric is very lightweight and is most comfortably worn in summers. It is very low maintenance making it one of the favorites of our population. The unique square weaves are called ‘khats’. This one of a kind checkered weave of the Kota sari is made on the traditional ‘pit...

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