Banarasi sarees originated from a city called Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Banarasi sarees are one of the finest and intricately designed sarees in India. The thing which makes it different as well as very unique is the beautiful work of gold and silver brocade on fine silk.
Varanasi, which flourished as a textile centre when it was the capital of Kasi kingdom, in the 5th or 6th century BC, became a crucial centre for silk and cotton fabrics. Around the 17th century, when the silk weavers from Gujarat migrated to Kasi, the Zari and brocade work started on to the sarees. These brocade works saw a new development during the Mughal period.
The designing of the Banarasi sarees have also evolved with time. From floral patterns, bird and animal depictions to Butidar designs to many other patterns like jaal or jali and florals, and the most recent geometrical designs, Banarasi sarees have seen it all.
These sarees are available in a lot of beautiful colors and also have a lot of varieties in the zari design which could be golden as well as silver. Also banarasi sarees can be categorized into four distinct varieties, namely pure silk, organza with zari and silk, georgette and shattir.
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