Knowledge Corner — sarees RSS



Banarasi Silk Sarees

Banarasi sarees originated from a city called Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Banarasi sarees are one of the finest and intricately designed sarees in India. The thing which makes it different as well as very unique is the beautiful work of gold and silver brocade on fine silk.  Varanasi, which flourished as a textile centre when it was the capital of Kasi kingdom, in the 5th or 6th century BC, became a crucial centre for silk and cotton fabrics. Around the 17th century, when the silk weavers from Gujarat migrated to Kasi, the Zari and brocade work started on to the sarees. These brocade works saw a new development during the Mughal period. The designing of the Banarasi sarees...

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Kovai Cora Cotton

Kovia Kora cotton saree is a type of saree made in Coimbatore, Tamilnadu. It has only just been recognized as a Geographical Indication by the Government of India in 2014-15. This cotton is made from a blend of silk and a superior quality cotton yarn. This mixing with traditional silk produces the famous kora cotton which is weaved on a traditional hand-loom. Every saree takes three days for the weaving process. The sarees feature bright colored border designs with the minimal use of shining zari. Like most south Indian sarees, it’s appeal lies in its lavish pallu and border designs. Motifs, which are created by the artistic interplay of silk and cotton thread woven together. After the fabric is woven,...

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Madurai Sungudi

Madurai Sungudi sarees originate from the Southern Temple City Madurai and are made by the Saurashtra communities since the sixteenth century during the Nayak dynasty rule in Madurai. The word ‘sungudi’ is specially denoted to Sourashtra community and is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘sunnam’ which means ‘round’. Thus, sungudi actually means ‘ringed dots’. These ringed dots are spread all over the saree due to which it gives a unique and special appearance to the saree.

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Mysore Silk Sarees

Mysore silk sarees originate from the state of Karnataka which happens to be one of the largest mulberry silk producers in the country. The growth of this silk was brought about during the reign of Tipu Sultan in 1785 AD. It is a max of fine silk and pure gold zari. These fabrics were the first known production of machine-made silk sarees in India. Raw materials used in making the saree are obtained from a single cacoon. Processes like soaking, twisting, wafting and winding are followed once the density of the silk is assessed. The weaving process involves two types of looms; Dob by loom and the Jacquard loom. It takes 4 hours to make one saree. The next step,...

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Baghi prints

From the Bagh village in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, this bold and vibrant hand block printing technique has been passed down from the Chhippas of the Khatri community who migrated to Bagh, 400 years ago. Bagh printing is a tedious and time-consuming process which involves around 15 steps where a single composition may consist of over 1300 different impressions. After soaking the fabric in raw sea salt and non-refined castor oil and goat dung it is then dried three times in succession. After drying for 15 days, the cloth is dipped in a solution of harada or baheda powder and washed in flowing river water. The deep hue of Bagh prints is brought on by boiling the fabrics in water...

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